We faces huge challenges and need to appoint the best amongst us to lead. To do that, we need to recruit from the biggest possible pool of candidates - the whole community. As a sector, we don't, but how can any board claim to represent its community, if it isn't representative of it? And, since more diverse boards perform better, how much greater an impact might we have, if we were? Join the free Charity Excellence Framework and it'll automatically assess you against the Charity Excellence Diversity Standard.
Have you ever heard about the not uncommon phenomenon of homophily in recruiting? People often hire those who think (and often look) like themselves. It feels great to work with people who share our own perspectives and beliefs. Sound familiar?
And then there's moral licensing. There is good evidence that those working for ethical organisations are willing to work for less and work harder too: does that sound familiar too? However, there is equally good evidence that this gives them a reason to offset this against bad behaviours. It may be that volunteering for a good cause, also allows me to feel OK about only appointing people like me.
And worse, here's an interesting article from Harvard Business Review on how leaders ignore unethical behaviour.
And, for those of us committed to diversity, if our conversations are all about why we can't, or why it's someone else's fault, perhaps that's moral licensing too? Which brings me to.....................
92% of charity trustees are white.' Charity Commission, Taken on Trust Report, November 2017
Referring to a group as ‘dark skinned, female and pretty useless’ would create justifiable outrage, but 'pale, male and stale' is fundamentally the same sentiment. Yet its use is accepted throughout a sector that prides itself on its commitment to equality. Applying it to the majority of trustees, who are best placed to bring about the change needed, isn't likely to help persuade them. I recognise (and share) the justifiable anger, but it'd be more effective to focus on solutions, not blame.
Here's an interesting HBR article on why criticising people actually makes it more difficult for them to change. And that's not just academic theory. I'm one of those passionate about promoting it, but no longer go to diversity events. I've had enough of being the enemy and the hoots of laughter whenever the 'pale, male & stale' thing is dragged out of the closet again, as it inevitably is.
And, there are charities who excel in promoting diversity - how about focussing some of the effort in celebrating and promoting them, as a positive example to all of us? Giving that they're already achieving, what we all claim we really want to, a round of applause wouldn't be asking for too much. Particularly from funders.
'In our experience, to date only one organisation has ever commented upon the diversity of our Trustee Board / Personnel, and stated that we are diversity personified’. Nav Mizra, Dads UnLtd
What's been missing is a measurable standard to recognise them, provide a tool for those who want to, but don't know how and to hold to account those who won't. The free Charity Excellence Framework online toolkit does just that, using its Diversity Excellence Standard to assess, report and link results to resources. You can access the standard here. Or, better still join the CEF here - it only takes 2 mins.
And, whilst I recognise the arguments against quotas, the time for us to act has long past. The majority of European countries have done so for commercial companies. Other steps might include, adopting the Rooney Rule for board and CEO selection panels, or other forms of positive action.
The level of ethnic minority representation on our largest charity boards (6.6%) is lower than in FTSE 100 companies (8.2%). Inclusive Boards, 2018
I completely accept that the biggest issue is complacency/culture amongst the many like myself. Trustees are volunteers, but they have clear statutory obligations, which are not optional. For those not doing so, we need to call them out and hold them robustly to account. What would really help drive change would be for funders to take the lead and make diversity a condition of funding; money talks.
Some boards are hugely impressive, but far too many don't work well. Perhaps entirely understandably, some feel that focussing on performance is the priority. We need to help them understand that being diverse is an essential component of this. For those who might need a 'business performance argument', there's this McKinsey Report.
Some don’t understand the need to speak to those we wish to recruit using their own language, about what’s important to them and using channels they use. If you don’t know what those might be, asking them usually works and, for young people, the Breath of Fresh Air report has an excellent checklist. In particular, we need to invest in and actively promote those charities that are already doing great work to support recruitment of trustees from a wider pool. You can find out who they are, as well as practical advice on recruiting trustees here.
The sector talks endlessly about it, but working groups, reports, articles and commitments aside, there seems to have been little actual change in sector diversity. However, there's a lot that charities and individuals can (and should) do themselves.
Being really busy with a young family/busy careers is an issue for some. Consider if changing the days/times meetings are held would make it easier for them, or introduce conference calling, or one of the increasingly available virtual meeting platforms.
‘Board’ is very much a business/professional term, so can be off putting for some. In recruiting, we need to ensure that we communicate what we do in a way that's engaging and meaningful to them. And a good starting is making our meetings relevant and interesting. If your meetings aren't great, read this for some practical steps you can take to change that.
For some, the board environment may simply feel too alien, particularly the most vulnerable. If they can’t come to us, we should go to them and work with them in a way which will enable them to contribute – meet them in their own environment, not ours.
And recognise that it’s not just about recruiting. Having someone on a board who feels or is unable to contribute, because he or she hasn't been actively engaged or supported, is tokenism, even if we don't mean it.
Should be available for every trustee, but for those for whom being on a board is outside their experience, it’s critical. On interviewing someone, talk to him or her about how they feel they could best contribute, discuss and agree what support they would need to be able to do so and then make sure they get it.
It applies for everyone, but even more so to those who are new, don’t have specific professional skills or face communication challenges. Ensure that reports are succinct, written in plain English and avoid acronyms, unless these can be understood by everyone. Try this, for simple, practical steps to make your reports more effective.
If someone has an audio or visual impairment, ask them what would help them. For example, providing reports in large font size, using a clear font, such as Arial and bold print. It's neither difficult nor expensive.
Beneficiaries and others may not have the professional skills other board members do, but that makes their contribution different, not less than. Ensure this is recognised and understood and, not least, that they are demonstrably valued and made welcome. And if the culture on your board is a bit 'pale, male and stale', where they may be ignored, or talked over (ever so politely), if you accept it, that makes you complicit. We should all be prepared to break into a conversation and actively support someone.
Research appears to show that women are often ignored, or interrupted by men, but also that, when a woman is first to speak, other women are more likely to speak too. An easy step to take, is for the Chair to invite a woman to speak first. And, for others less likely to speak, ask them beforehand how they would like to be heard.
And be aware of the inadvertent impact of well-meaning behaviour. For example, like many trustees, I don't claim expenses, but for some that might be the difference between being able to attend, or not. Always make sure your trustees know that being paid expenses is expected. You might even consider paying for child care.
We're all responsible and it's time to turn this long-standing problem into the strength it should be. What are you going to do to help make that happen?